Home / Tổng hợp ngữ pháp TOEIC – Unit 16: have và have got – Học hay

Tổng hợp ngữ pháp TOEIC – Unit 16: have và have got – Học hay

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Ngữ pháp tiếng anh luyện thi TOEIC – Unit 16: have và have got – HocHay

– Have got và has got có hình thức ở thì htht: have/has + V3/-ed. Mặc dù ở trong hình thức của thì hoàn thành nhưng chúng lại diễn đạt ý nghĩa ở thì hiện tại.

– Cụm từ này được sử dụng để chỉ sự sở hữu, theo cách gần giống như động từ have (nhất là trong bài phát biểu hay bài viết không trang trọng). Chúng nhấn mạnh sự sở hữu trong câu.

Ví dụ: các cặp câu sau đây có nghĩa gần như giống hệt nhau.

  • have got three cats and two dogs.
    have three cats and two dogs.
  • She has got a lot of friends.
    She has a lot of friends

– Tuy nhiên, không bao giờ sử dụng have/has got để thay thế cho have khi have được sử dụng để mô tả một hành động.

Ví dụ:

  • have dinner at 7 p.m.
  • NOT: I have got dinner at 7 p.m.

– Ta có thể dùng dạng quá khứ hoàn thành khác của get: gotten. Dạng này được dùng để mô tả quy trình, chẳng hạn như sự tiếp nhận (thông tin, phản hồi), sự sát nhập hoặc một số hành động khác.

Ví dụ:

  • have gotten word that your mother is sick.
    (Tôi nhận được tin là mẹ của anh bị ốm)
  • She’s gotten a lot of positive feedback about the show.
    (Cô ấy nhận được rất nhiều phản hồi tích cực về buổi biểu diễn)

– Have/has gotten không được sử dụng để mô tả quyền sở hữu:

I know that they have gotten lots of money.
→ diễn tả sự nhận được tiền hơn là sự sở hữu hoàn toàn.

– Gotten hầu như chỉ được sử dụng trong tiếng Anh Mỹ, rất hiếm khi được sử dụng trong tiếng Anh Anh.

 

Bài tập Ngữ pháp tiếng anh luyện thi TOEIC – Unit 16: have và have got – HocHay

A Which goes with which?

1 I’m not free tomorrow morning.

2 Rachel is an only child.

3 We’ve got plenty of time.

4 You’ve got a really good voice.

5 I don’t feel very well this morning.

6 Laura studied at university.

7 I’ve got a question.

8 James has got a lot of experience.

a She’s got a degree in physics.

b I’ve got a sore throat.

c There’s no need to hurry.

d I’ve got a driving lesson.

e Maybe you can answer it.

f I think he should get the job.

g I wish I could sing as well as you.

h She’s got no brothers or sisters.

 

B Complete the sentences using have.

1 She couldn’t get into the house. ……………….a key.

2 Is there anything you’d like to ask? ………………. any questions?

3 They can’t pay their bills. They ……………….any money.

4 We got wet in the rain yesterday. We ……………….an umbrella.

5 Jack ……………….a car. He can’t afford one and he can’t drive anyway.

6 ‘Excuse me, ……………….a pen I could borrow?’ ‘Yes, sure. Here you are.’

7 I was very busy yesterday. I ……………….time to go shopping.

8 ‘Tell me about Jack. ……………….a job?’ ‘Yes, he works at the hospital.’

9 When you worked in your last job, ……………….your own office?

10 ‘Where’s the remote control?’ ‘I don’t know. I ……………….it.’

11 ‘Tom ……………….a motorbike, ……………….he?’ ‘Yes, that’s right. A long time ago.’

C Are the underlined words OK? Change them where necessary.

1 I’m not free tomorrow morning. I’ve got a driving lesson.

Lisa had got long hair when she was a child.

3 I couldn’t contact you because I hadn’t my phone.

4 ‘Are you feeling OK?’ ‘No, I’m having a cold.’

5 I’m not working right now. I’m having a break.

6 I felt really tired. I hadn’t any energy.

7 It’s a small town. It doesn’t have many shops.

8 Was your trip OK? Had you any problems?

9 My friend called me when I was having breakfast.

10 The last time I saw Steve, he was having a beard.

11 We don’t need to hurry. We have plenty of time.

12 How often have you a shower?

D Complete the sentences. Use an expression with have in the correct form. Choose from:

have a baby        have a break      have a chat         have trouble      have a shower

have a look         have lunch          have a party       have a nice time               have a holiday

 

1 I don’t eat much during the day. I never ………………. .

2 David starts work at 8 o’clock and …………….at 10.30.

3 We …………….last week. We invited lots of people.

4 There’s something wrong with my bike. Can you …………….at it for me?

5 Joe is away on holiday at the moment. I hope he………………. .

6 I met some friends in the supermarket yesterday. We stopped and ………………..

7 ‘ ……………….finding the book you wanted?’ ‘No, I found it OK.’

8 Suzanne………………. a few weeks ago. It’s her second child.

9 I ……………….when the light went out suddenly.

10 I’d like to go away somewhere. I ……………….for a long time.

Đáp án

A

  1. d

2 h

3 c

4 g

5 b

6 a

7 e

8 f

B

  1. She didn’t have
  2. Do you have

3 don’t have / haven’t got (haven’t is less usual)

4 didn’t have

5 doesn’t have / hasn’t got (hasn’t is less usual)

6 do you have / have you got (have you is less usual)

7 didn’t have

8 Does he have / Has he got (Has he is less usual)

9 did you have

10 don’t have / haven’t got

11 had … didn’t

C

  1. ok

23 I didn’t have / hadn’t got my phone

4 I have a cold or I’ve got a cold

5 OK

6 I didn’t have any energy

7 OK (or It hasn’t got many shops.)

8 Did you have (Had you is unusual)

9 OK

10 he had a beard

11 OK (or We’ve got plenty of time.)

12 do you have a shower. Lisa had long hair

 

D

  1. have lunch

2 has a break

3 had a party

4 have a look

5 ’s having / is having a nice time

6 had a chat

7 Did you have trouble

8 had a baby

9 was having a shower

10 haven’t had a holiday / haven’t had a break

 

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