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Học ngữ pháp TOEIC – Thì hiện tại tiếp diễn (Present Simple and Continuous) – Học hay

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Ngữ pháp luyện thi TOEIC – Unit 3: Hiện tại đơn và tiếp diễn (Present Simple and Continuous) – HocHay

1. So sánh

Present continuous (I am doing)

Present simple (I do)

Chúng ta sử thì hiện tại tiếp diễn cho những điều xảy ra tại hoặc trong khoảng thời gian đang nói.
Hành động chưa hoàn thành.

 

  • ·         The water is boiling. Be careful
  • ·         Listen to those people. What language are they speaking
  • ·         Let’s go out. It isn’t raining now
  • ·         ‘I’m busy.’ ‘What are you doing?
  • ·         I’m getting hungry. Let’s go and eat
  • ·         Kate wants to work in Italy, so she’s learning Italian
  • ·         The population of the world is increasing very fast.

Chúng ta sử dụng hiện tại đơn cho những thứ nói chung chung hoặc những điều xảy ra lặp đi lặp lại.

 

 

  • ·         Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius
  • ·         Excuse me, do you speak English?
  •  
  • ·         It doesn’t rain very much in summer
  • ·         What do you usually do at weekends
  • ·         I always get hungry in the afternoon
  • ·         Most people learn to swim when they are children
  • ·         Every day the population of the world increases by about 200,000 people.

Cho các tình huống tạm thời (những thứ tiếp tục trong một thời gian ngắn):

 

  • ·         I’m living with some friends until I find a place of my own
  • ·         A: You’re working hard today.
    B: Yes, I have a lot to do.

Cho các tình huống vĩnh viễn (những thứ tiếp tục trong một thời gian dài):

 

  • ·         My parents live in London. They have lived there all their lives
  • ·         Joe isn’t lazy. He works hard most of the time.

 

2.

I always do và I’m always doing

I always do something = tôi làm điều đó mọi lúc

  • ·         I always go to work by car. (not I’m always going)

I’m always doing something = tôi làm điều đó nhiều hơn bình thường

  • ·         I’ve lost my keys again. I’m always losing them.

I’m always losing them = tôi làm mất chìa khóa quá thường xuyên hoặc nhiều hơn bình thường

  • ·         Paul is never satisfied. He’s always complaining. (= anh ấy than phiền quá nhiều)
  • ·         You’re always looking at your phone. Don’t you have anything else to do?

Bài tập Ngữ pháp luyện thi TOEIC – Unit 3: Hiện tại đơn và tiếp diễn (Present Simple and Continuous) – HocHay

  1. Are the underlined verbs OK? Correct them where necessary.
  2. Waterboilsat 100 degrees Celsius.
  3. How oftenare you goingto the cinema?
  4. Bentriesto find a job, but he hasn’t had any luck yet.
  5. Martinais phoningher mother every day.
  6. The moongoesround the earth in about 27 days.
  7. Can you hear those people? Whatdo they talkabout?
  8. Whatdo you doin your spare time?
  9. Sarah is a vegetarian. Shedoesn’t eatmeat.
  10. I must go now. Itgetslate.
  11. ‘Come on! It’s time to leave.’ ‘OK, Icome.’
  12. Paul is never late. He’salways startingwork on time.
  13. They don’t get on well. They’re always arguing.

B Put the verb into the correct form, present continuous or present simple.

1

  1. …………………. (I / usually / get) hungry in the afternoon.
  2. ………………. (I / get) hungry. Let’s go and eat something.

2

  1. ‘ ……………….(you / listen) to the radio?’ ‘No, you can turn it off.’
  2. ‘ ……………….(you / listen) to the radio a lot?’ ‘No, not very often.’

3

  1. The River Nile ……………….(flow) into the Mediterranean.
  2. The river ……………….(flow) very fast today – much faster than usual.

4

  1. I’m not very active. ……………….(I / not / do) any sport.
  2. What ……………….(you / usually / do) at weekends?

5

  1. Rachel is in New York right now. ……………….(She / stay) at the Park Hotel.
  2. ……………….(She / always / stay) there when she’s in New York.
  3. Put the verb into the correct form, present continuous or present simple.
  4. Why are all these people here? ………………………….. (What / happen)?
  5. Julia is good at languages. ………………………..(She / speak) four languages very well.
  6. Are you ready yet? ………………………..(Everybody / wait) for you.
  7. I’ve never heard this word. How ………………………..(you / pronounce) it?
  8. Kate ………………………..(not / work) this week. She’s on holiday.
  9. I think my English ………………………..(improve) slowly. It’s better than it was.
  10. Nicola ………………………..(live) in Manchester. She has never lived anywhere else.
  11. Can we stop walking soon? ………………………..(I / start) to get tired.
  12. Sam and Tina are in Madrid right now. ………………………..(They / visit) a friend of theirs.
  13. ‘What ………………………..(your father / do)?’ ‘He’s an architect.’
  14. It took me an hour to get to work this morning. Most days ………………………..(it / not / take) so long.
  15. I ………………………..(I / learn) to drive. My driving test is next month. My father ………………………..(teach) me.
  1. Finish B’s sentences. Use always -ing.

1 A: I’ve lost my keys again.

B: Not again! ……………………………

2 A: The car has broken down again.

B: That car is useless. It ………………………….

3 A: Look! You’ve made the same mistake again.

B: Oh no, not again! I………………………… .

4 A: Oh, I’ve left my phone at home again.

B: Typical!…………………………

Đáp án

A

  1. ok
  2. do you go

3 is trying

4 phones

5 OK

6 are they talking

7 OK

8 OK

9 It’s getting / It is getting

10 I’m coming / I am coming

11 He always starts

12 OK

B

  1. I usually get/I’m getting

2 a Are you listening

b Do you listen

3 a flows

b is flowing / ’s flowing

4 a I don’t do

b do you usually do

5 a She’s staying / She is staying

b She always stays

C

  1. what’s happening?

2 She speaks

3 Everybody’s waiting / Everybody is waiting

4 do you pronounce

5 isn’t working / is not working / ’s not working

6 is improving

7 lives

8 I’m starting / I am starting

9 They’re visiting / They are visiting

10 does your father do

11 it doesn’t take

12 I’m learning / I am learning …is teaching / ’s teaching

D

  1. You’re always losing your keys.

2 It’s always breaking down.

3 I’m always making the same mistake. / … that mistake.

4 You’re always leaving your phone at home

 

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